Category Archives: DIY & How To

How to Make a Cushion Cover

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

A cushion cover takes a lot of fabric but not a lot of tools, practice or patience. It takes less than half an hour to complete and doesn’t require much skill, so it’s a good introductory project for anyone just learning how to sew. With an envelope style cushion cover like this, there are no zippers, buttons or button holes to sew in, making it a nice, relaxing project with a nap-ready result.

Fits snugly on a 20 x 20 Ikea cushion.

Tools Needed

  • fabric scissors
  • chalk pencil (or something for marking)
  • long ruler
  • pinking shears (or serger)
  • point turner (or similarly shaped object)
  • 1 yard or metre of a sturdy, woven fabric like twill or canvas for one pillow (1.5 yards for two). I will be using lightweight cotton twill from Spoonflower.

How to

Step 1

  • With fabric running lengthwise and folded in half so selvage sides are together, use a ruler and chalk pencil to draw a straight line to trim up the cut end of your fabric.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 2

  • Measure 21¼” from your first cut and draw a straight line. Cut.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 3

  • Rotate the fabric so you are measuring from the one folded side. Measure 24″, draw a straight line and cut. (Save the cut away piece for your next quilt.) You should now have a long rectangle.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 4

  • Hem the two shorter sides of your lovely new rectangle by folding the edge over 3/8″, pressing with your iron, folding over again ½”, pressing again and sewing at the 3/8″ guideline on your sewing machine.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 5

  • Fold one of the hemmed short sides over by 6″ with wrong (printed) sides together.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 6

  • Fold the other side over to meet the folded edge. Press folds to hold them in place while you sew.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 7

  • Sew along entire open side with 5/8″ seam allowance. Finish the seams with pinking shears or a serger, if you have one. Trim the corners close to the stitching so they will turn out neatly.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Step 8

  • Turn your new cushion cover right side out. Using a point turner (or similarly shaped object) work the fabric into the right places for a nice, crisp corner. Press to remove any wrinkles.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

Don’t forget to wash and line-dry fabric before starting to prevent your finished project from shrinking. Give it a quick ironing, on reverse side of print, for more accurate measuring and straighter cuts.

How to Make a Cushion Cover | Sophster-Toaster Blog

All photos by me.

The Pantry Project

When we moved into our first house last fall, it was painted some creative colours. The bathroom was bright aqua, the dining room electric celery, the living room bright mustard yellow, and the kitchen lime green with the same bright mustard in the pantry. Before we moved our things in, we took a week to paint every room in more soothing tones. The whole house looked bigger and more cohesive but it was a lot of work and some things, like the colour in the pantry, fell by the wayside while we eagerly moved in.

The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster BlogThe Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I had been holding on to a plan in the back of my mind to use the two close blue colours I put in the living and dining rooms to paint the pantry cubbies with an ombre vibe to link them with the rest of the main floor, like the previous owners had tried to do. (I had more faith in my attempt with my all blues and whites colour scheme.) This week, I decided to finally try my idea!

The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster BlogThe Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I took the shelves out, painted the bottom two cubbies with the darker, living room blue, the top two with the lighter, dining room blue, and mixed the two 50/50 for the middle two. The effect was worryingly stark before I put the shelves back in, but after, almost disappointingly delicate. Still, every time I walk through the narrow doorway to the kitchen that contains the pantry, I feel quite content to not be assaulted by that colour anymore. It was definitely worth the quick four hours it took to prep and paint this small pantry project!

The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog The Pantry Project | Sophster-Toaster Blog

All photos by me.

Artisan Market Red Flags

I’ve previously written about the handmade/artisan market application process from the point of filling out the application. That’s the easy part. Today I’m going back to the beginning and talking about how you decide which markets to apply to in the first place.

Applying to a market is the same as committing to do the market. All (good) markets state in their contracts – which you must sign at the time of application – that should you be accepted, you agree to pay the fees and attend the market. This can frequently mean planning to devote huge amounts of resources to an event that you know very little about.

Applications to a market can go up as early as seven or eight months before the actual event. It’s one of the first things organizers need to get done, after booking the venue and making some-sort of website to advertise and host the applications. At this point in the market planning process, there can be a lot of unfulfilled intentions for the organizers and a lot of unknowns for you.

A good market application website, or mass email invite, will provide some information, like date and location, some stats, a mission statement of sorts, a link to a website, and an idea of the marketing language and imagery, but not much else. Finding and figuring the rest of the information is up to you. This can be very tricky for a maker new to their craft or new to selling at these big events, and, if you are anything like me, you will make a lot of mistakes and bad judgements before you get the hang of it.

Here are some of the red flags I’ve noticed in my four years of doing artisan markets. These early giveaways almost always guarantee a market will be bad, resulting in poor turn out and small-to-no profit for your time and effort.

The Market Stats are Estimates

When a market, especially one that’s been around for awhile, gives you a projected estimate of how many shoppers they expect, in place of real statistics gathered and averaged over the years, this number tends to be a result of wishful thinking and not something they can actually deliver on the day. New markets are an exception, but you should always take their estimates with a grain of salt.

They Don’t Limit Vendors by Category

Don’t be afraid when you see that the market organizers will be curating, limiting, or wait-listing. This is a good thing. This means that when you get in, the market will have healthy competition and won’t be over run with popular categories, which can end up being bad for everyone. I’m lucky in that my category is not very common. The best markets I’ve ever done have had 3-5 other clothing vendors, with differing styles or techniques. The worst markets have been the ones where I’m the only clothing vendor and completely out of context among the 7 soap makers, 3 additional bath and body vendors, and 11 jewellery designers all vying for attention.

They Allow Re-sellers in a Handmade Oriented Market

This is the number one determiner for a bad market! When I say re-sellers, I’m talking about people involved in “direct selling” schemes, or as I call it from atop my high horse, pyramid selling. Organizers will get desperate, greedy, or are just plain ill-informed, and allow these people in. Not only are they hard for people who make all of their own products (and all of their packaging, branding materials, etc) to compete with, they seem to lower the prestige of the market. Their products are often of lower quality and the people designing and producing the stock for them to sell don’t have the same ethical and environmental concerns and standards that a small, local maker has. People come to these events to support what we do, they are happy to pay us what we are worth. They don’t want to see this. Not here, not now.

A good way to tell if a market will allow direct sellers is that they will say somewhere in the application info that they will be limiting the number people who resell Scentsy, Sweetlegs, etc.

The Market is not the Main Event

This took me the longest to notice. I didn’t piece the trend together until a few weeks ago. It looks so obvious now; the best markets I’ve ever done have been purely a shopping event and the worst markets I’ve ever done have been tacked on to something else, like a street festival, fashion show or food truck fair. Another insidious sign, can be a market that plans workshops or children’s activities. It feels like the organizer wasn’t confident the vendors could draw people in on their own. In my experience, it actually reduces turn out and restricts demographics.

I image it could be different if you are selling food at a food festival, or children’s products at a children’s event, but the worst market I’ve ever done, was at a fashion show…. When an organizer does this, people don’t come for the vendors. They come for the event and maybe do a quick lap around the vendors, but they have no intention to actually stop and shop.

The Contract Doesn’t Forbid Early Tear Down

If a market goes badly, and there is no language in the contract prohibiting early tear down and pack up – followed by strict threats of being blacklisted for breaking this rule – less professional vendors will leave early. This creates unappealing gaps in once neat lines of vendor booths. The few people still shopping will think the market is over and leave before seeing every artisan still hanging on. Once one vendor (or an organizer!) starts packing up, they cause a chain reaction of others willing to cut their losses and throw in the towel early.

The Application Doesn’t Require Photos of Your Setup

This one is more of an orange flag. The very best markets will ask for examples of your typical booth layout so they can neighbour you with other vendors that complement or give intriguing contrast to your look, styling and branding. Most market organizers actually don’t think to ask about this, but still seem to put some thought into not pairing two competing category vendors next to each other or doing something silly like sandwiching a maker of vegan products between butter and leather artisans. But hey, I’ve seen some things that have made me think the organizers just tossed everyone in randomly. Poor planning like this from an organizer can be harder to predict ahead of time so when paired with other red flags on this list, I take this one more seriously.

The Name/Branding/Website is Bad

If you don’t like branding, don’t understand the name or can’t navigate the website, run. Your target demographic is going to feel the same way and things aren’t going to improve as the market approaches. Definitely don’t apply to a market that doesn’t have a website or at least a very strong social media presence.

The Location is Bad

If you have to look the venue up on a map and then can’t find it on street view, it’s a bad venue. Another thing to take into account is how the people who connect with your brand and products travel. Are they college kids who rely on public transportation? Don’t apply to a market in the middle of nowhere.

There’s No Fee

This seems like a great thing when you’ve never done a market before and have a lot of investments to make in something with no guarantee of return. But take a minute to consider all the time and money an organizer puts into pulling off a successful market. They have to book a venue, buy insurance, market the event and put together and process the applications, just to name a few. A good amount for a first time market to charge for a one day event (in my area on the edge of the golden horseshoe in Ontario) is $50-$75. An established market in a prime location can charge from $120-$200 for one day, but you’re going to get a lot more for that money. This organizer’s experience and reputation will draw a greater attendance. The best and biggest market in my area goes all out and provides a two day “upscale shopping experience” that brings out well-to-do women who shop like it’s a sport. They charge $250-$300.

The Booths are Small

Most markets will sell 10×10 foot booths where you bring your own tent. Some will offer smaller, less expensive spaces for vendors who make smaller, less expensive products, makes sense. Some indoor markets will sell 8×8 booths, which you can scale down so somewhat easily when you don’t have to worry about uneven ground, mud and other obstacles that comes with outdoor markets. Anything smaller than that, more than being difficult to adapt your tediously planned and perfected setup to, shows a real lack of knowledge and experience on the part of the organizer.

You Learn about the Event from a Last Minute Invite

Think twice about applying to a market that sends you an email inviting you to apply after the deadline for applications has passed.

There you have it. I wouldn’t say I sit down with a checklist every time I research a new market, but these are definitely things that when I see, I give a second thought about sending in my application. There are of course exceptions to these rules, but I have found them to be very good indicators, months out, of whether a market will be worth my time, work, and money. Of course, if you do see these signs, or are unsure of anything when looking into a market application, don’t be afraid to ask the organizer for more details!

No Pin Milkmaid Braids

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I love wearing my hair in milkmaid braids since growing it out. It’s one of the best ways to hide unwashed (and overgrown) hair. It’s great for camping and cottage trips where you can’t always wash or even wet your hair and don’t want to carry a lot of products. Before this fall, the only thing keeping it from being my perfect go-to hairstyle was all the tucking, pinning and pulling needed to pull off that charming trying-really-hard-to-look-like-I’m-not-trying look. Since then, I’ve found the secret to making milkmaid braids the quick and easy, lazy day style they deserve to be!

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I was inspired by a horror movie I watched around Halloween. I noticed that in the beautiful but not very exciting, The Witch, the 17th century New England women were wearing their hair in milkmaid braids, held together only by long pieces of ribbon. The next morning, I sauntered out of bed, as eagerly as one can, to see if this ribbon only method could really work. I found that I couldn’t do away with a couple of small hair elastics, to keep the ribbons from slipping off the ends of the braids, but was quite pleased when everything stayed in place without a single pin. They held tight for the rest of the day, captured by the light tension of ordinary ribbons I found laying around in my sewing stash.

Those women were on to something. With a bit of practice, these no pin milkmaid braids only take about 10 minutes to create and are comfortable worn all day. Here’s how I do it:


  1. Start with brushed and moisturized hair. Split into two sections, down the middle, using a comb (or fingers for a messier look).

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

2. Starting high up, near the top of the ear, braid each section leaving as short a tail as you can at the end.

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster BlogNo Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster BlogNo Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

3. Cut two matching lengths of ribbon long enough to tie to the end of each braid, wrap around to the nape of the neck and tie in a bow. Tie each ribbon securely to the end of each braid, just above the elastic. I like to tie a basic knot, then wrap the ribbon around to the other side and tie another knot.

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

4. Next, pick each braid up and place it over the top of your head. Hold each ribbon and pull them tightly across to hold the braids in place.

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

5. Pull the ribbons around to the nape of your neck and tie in a bow. Tip you head back slightly to make sure the braids don’t slip off the back. It they do slide off, try placing them further forward, towards your hairline.

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

6. Tuck in the ends of the braids, the ends of the ribbons and any other loose pieces of hair and you’re done!

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I find this method works especially well for medium length hair that isn’t quite long enough for any meaningful braid overlap to be pinned together.

No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog No Pin Milkmaid Braids | Sophster-Toaster Blog

I like to use dark ribbon that blends into my hair colour but it might be fun to use brightly coloured ribbons and wrap them around the braids for a festive party look!

All photos by me.